President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has announced that Turkey will not support the new US sanctions against Iran. This is reported today in Arab News.
Erdogan stressed that the actions of the United States are wrong and look to upset the world balance. This statement was made by the Turkish president the day after the entry into force of the second package of US sanctions against Tehran.
The new restrictive measures will affect more than 700 Iranian persons and legal entities, as well as various sectors of the Iranian economy. Washington also banned Tehran from trading its oil, under penalty of imposing sanctions on its trading partners.
According to US President Donald Trump, Iran should conclude a new nuclear program agreement with Washington, otherwise it will have to prepare to face an “economic catastrophe”.
The first package of sanctions against Iran entered into force on August 7, 2018. Both packages were prepared following Trump’s decision to withdraw the United States from the nuclear agreement on the grounds that it was not respected by the Iranian side.
Editorial note: This last, about America’s grounds for withdrawal, is from US policy, not from the facts: The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) continues to confirm that Iran is in full compliance with the JCPOA. I translate two Italian documents:
- Mikhail Ulyanov, permanent representative of Russia in Vienna, calls the US decision to reintroduce the sanctions against Iran “absurd and dangerous: “The decision taken by the United States is absurd and very dangerous in its consequences because it derails one of the most important international agreements approved by the UN Security Council,” said Ulyanov.
- The International Atomic Energy Agency explains to Donald Trump that Iran has respected the agreementsTeheran respects the nuclear agreements. The International Atomic Energy Agency (Aiea) made the assurance in response to Donal Trump’s decision. In recent hours, America has announced the abandonment of the agreement and the imposition of new sanctions against Iran and all the country’s supporters.
The nuclear agreement, signed by Teheran and the countries of the so-called 5 + 1, or by members of the UN Security Council with veto power (United Kingdom, France, United States, Russia and China, plus Germany) is was reached on 14 July 2015 in Vienna after 13 years of negotiations and exhausting negotiations. The agreement provided for the removal of international sanctions imposed on Iran. In exchange, Teheran had agreed a 15-year moratorium on uranium enrichment above 3.67% and a reduction in the number of centrifuges, which must not exceed 5,060. Iran promised to change Arak’s heavy water reactor, with the aim of not allowing enough plutonium production for the nuclear bomb. For 5 years since the signing of the Vienna agreement, the UN arms embargo remains in force and for 8 years the embargo on ballistic missiles. The International Atomic Energy Agency can conduct inspections on military sites only after Tehran’s green light.
And the commitments are being kept. At least according to the International Atomic Energy Agency: “Under the JCPA, Iran is subjected to the strictest nuclear verification regime in the world,” said IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano, speaking – in a brief statement relaunched by the press agency Dpa – of what it considers a “significant achievement”.
“To date – added Amano – the IAEA can confirm that nuclear commitments are being respected by Iran.”