The brand new, state of the art 677 Lada diesel-electric submarine Kronstadt was launched on the water during the respective ceremony at the Admiralty Shipyard, which is one of Russia’s oldest shipyards, located in St. Petersburg.
The construction of the ship, with keel laying in 2005, went through some difficult times, such as delays during construction and financial difficulties. However, these delays made it possible to use the experience gained from the experimental exploration of the class’s previous submarine, Sankt Peterburg, which is in the final phase of the North Fleet, according to Admiralty Shipyard director Alexander Buzakov.
Viktor Chirkov, director of the United Shipbuilding Corporation, says the new submarine may be nicknamed “Invisible” because no one will be able to see and hear it, emphasizing that “[…] the new submarine will provide the possibility of continuing and execute the orders of the president on the construction of the new fleet of submarines of Russia.”
The Kronstadt submarine measures 66.8 m in length and 7.1 m in the mouth, having a 45-day autonomy and a crew of 35, and immersing up to 300 m with a speed of 21 knots underwater.
This comes as the Russian Advanced Research Foundation is delivering to the state-owned nuclear power company Rosatom documents of the Aisberg nuclear submarine robot to explore the Arctic basement, project group leader Viktor Litvinenko said.
“There are now five large pre-projects, which will allow us to create new equipment to explore the Arctic seas in difficult conditions. There is nothing like it in the world. We are delivering it today to Rosatom,” said Litvinenko.
According to him, the next step should be the creation of a structure that, in interaction with the Rosneft, Gazprom, OSK, Rosatom and possibly Rostec, will allow to transform everything that was elaborated in “metal”.
“This company will then transfer the ‘metal’ to Gazprom, Rosneft and maybe even enter the international market, selling autonomous systems that nobody has,” added the interlocutor .
The Aisberg Advanced Research Foundation project, based on the Rubin marine equipment hub, foresees the creation of unprecedented robotic systems capable of ensuring fully autonomous underwater exploration of hydrocarbon deposits in the Arctic.
In September 2017, the Advanced Research Foundation announced that energy, transportation and maintenance, drilling, and seismic systems systems had already been prepared.