India plans to acquire four Admiral Grigorovich class frigates. They are the latest class of frigates ordered by the Russian Navy for the Black Sea Fleet, and are highly effective, representing state of the art naval technology from Russia. On the Russian end, six ships have been ordered so far to be built by the Yantar shipyard in Kaliningrad. Also known as 11356 project frigates, the deal is valued at more than $2 billion, the Indian daily The Economic Times reported, citing sources.
The warship supply contract is expected to be signed in October during the upcoming meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. At the moment, the last details of the negotiation are being worked out. In turn, India, as a result of US anti-ship sanctions, is drawing up a plan to pay for the vessels in national currency.
According to agreement, the Indian side will receive the development technology of the frigates mentioned above. Two vessels will be built in India and the other two will be in charge of the Russian shipyard Yantar, reports the Indian newspaper .
Russia and India are the largest partners in the field of military-technical cooperation: more than 70 percent of the Armed Forces’ armament, military equipment, Air Force and Navy are Russian or Soviet-made. Annually, Russia provides India with weapons and military equipment worth billions of dollars.
The Yantar shipyard in Kaliningrad built three ships of the 11356 project for the Indian Navy. In July 2013, Moscow delivered the frigate Trikand (Luk) a year later – Teg (Sablya) and Tarkash (Kolchan).
By 2020, it is planned to build six frigates of the above-mentioned project for the Black Sea Fleet, three of which have already been adopted in service. The construction of the other three was suspended due to Ukraine’s refusal to provide propulsion systems. After that, India decided to buy them for their Navy. According to Indian Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar, New Delhi will acquire and install frigate engines on its own.
The US has expressed deep concerns and has taken umbrage with India’s continued ‘insistence’ on warm relations with Russia. Despite the fact that India is engaged in a multipolar foreign policy which involves filling in some gaps in world trade made possible by the U.S’s sanctions policy against numerous countries, it nevertheless is developing along a course of national sovereignty. To do so requires a ‘give and take’ game of allowing privatization from foreign enterprises while simultaneously shoring up national politics and policies to further unify the diverse Indian political spectrum. This has not come without extreme criticism from within India as well.
This is another aspect of the rise of Eurasian integration that will inevitable topple the US’ hegemonic ambition across the globe, especially because of the rise of Russia and China.