A study by the University of Gothenburg in Sweden pointed out that last year there was a decline in democracy in 24 countries, including Brazil and the United States.
The survey, supported by 3,000 experts in 202 countries, reveals that in the last 6 years there has been a global setback of at least 25 years. According to the study, the greatest risks to democracy in today’s world are threats to the autonomy of the media, freedom of expression and the rule of law.
Antônio Marcelo Jackson, a political scientist from the University of Ouro Preto in Brazil, observed that, starting from the original meaning of the term ‘democracy’, which means ‘government of the people’, at the beginning of the expansion in the number of people that came to be defined as political people.
“When you have a widening of the demos, an increase in the number of people, the types of people who are part of this political people, the country’s political decisions, that means you are changing a social hierarchy that existed then and breaking that hierarchy, depending on society, is a very complicated thing,” he argued.
According to him, the Swedish university research draws attention to the fact that in some countries where there is a broadening of people’s participation in political decisions, there is a reaction from elites who want to maintain their power privileges.
Commenting on the motives that lead the US to be cited as a country with a declining democracy, Marcelo Jackson recalls that it is a nation made up mainly of immigrants and in the second decade of the 21st century it is a society that “rejects the immigrant of all forms”. He argues that the inclusion of immigrants in the political process causes a rejection on the part of those who hold the political privilege.
According to him, what causes criticism of democracy in the countries pointed out by the Swedish research is the “relativization of equality”.