Translated by Ollie Richardson for Fort Russ
22nd January, 2016
The state Corporation “Roscosmos” plans to invest more than 58 billion rubles in the creation of a new manned spacecraft, named “Federation”, which is almost 3.5 times less than NASA has provided for the SpaceX manned spacecraft ‘Dragon’. The project’s funding is provided by the draft bill of the Federal Space Program (BFC) for 2016-2025, prepared for inclusion in the government.
According to the document, development “PTC” (advanced manned transport complex) up to 2025 will cost 58 billion rubles, which is 8 billion less than anticipated last year.
Earlier it was reported that SpaceX gets $2.6 billion from NASA for the creation of manned spacecraft Dragon 2. At the current exchange rate of the U.S dollar, the creation of a Russian manned spaceship will cost about $725 million.
The first Russian launch vehicle, formerly known as “Federation”, is planned for 2021. The following runs an unmanned and manned version to the International space station – for 2023. The spacecraft for flybys of the moon will be ready in 2024-2025, the flyby of the satellite is planned after 2025.
An earlier bill of the “Federal space program”, before the budget cuts, called for the funding of this project to the amount of 66,689 billion. Manned flight to the ISS were scheduled to be held in 2024 and in 2025 to make it around the moon.
PTK NP (Promising transport spacecraft of new generation) and the development of RSC Energia are intended to deliver people and cargo to the moon and at the space station orbiting around earth. The number of the PTC crew will be up to four people. The mode of Autonomous flight vehicle can be up to 30 days, in flight in the orbital station – up to 1 year. The launch of the vehicle into orbit plans to use the booster heavy class “Angara-А5В”.
In addition to the Dragon, the U.S are working on the ships of the CST-100 Starliner (Boeing Corporation) and Orion (Lockheed Martin). Previously, NASA had already signed an agreement with Boeing to use the CST-100 Starliner. SpaceX and Boeing won the competition to create new manned spacecraft, NASA announced, and will receive $2.6 billion to $4.2 billion for their projects, respectively. Their first flights are scheduled for 2017.