Timakov Rusvesna.su translated for Fort Russ by Soviet Bear
Human losses of Russia in the period of the
great famine of the thirties much exceed the human losses of Ukraine – the
Russian demographer Vladimir Timakov has come to such conclusion.
analysis of the humanitarian catastrophe of 1933 Timakov used methods of the
American demographer of Russian origin Alexander Maksudov (Babenyshev), who
compared the scale of losses by the ratio of survivors of 1933 with survivors
of other, more favorable years of birth.
and post-Soviet censuses, since 1937 fixed a huge lag in the birth cohort of
1933. There are significantly less people born in 1933 than those born in the
1932 or 1934. This is because in the cruelest year of the famine, people were
either refusing to conceive children; either did not bear the already conceived
baby, either newborns quickly died from malnutrition and weak immunity. It is
the fact that babies are the most vulnerable age category in the face of
himself used this method for localization of the area of starvation deaths,
comparing the size of lags in different regions of the USSR. So, he came to the
conclusion that the mortality in the Kharkov and Kiev regions was significantly
higher than in Voronezh and Kursk, but comparable to the mortality in the
Rostov and Saratov regions. The Ukrainian researchers of the Holodomor often
refer to Maksudov’s works, published by Harvard University and the Ukrainian
Institute of Edmonton (Canada).
used the Maksudov method to estimate the total magnitude of losses in the
Ukrainian SSR, the RSFSR and Kazakhstan (Kazakh ASSR). However, he believed
that, although the peak of the famine was in the spring of 1933, the social
disaster started to grow at the beginning of collectivization, which reflects
the dynamics of the number of survivors recorded by the census of 1939 (see
The amount of
Year of birth
1436 – 707 = 729
5 638 – 3 933 = 1
252 – 167 = 85
came from the fact that the excessive mortality in the Soviet Union was
observed not only at the peak of the famine, in the spring and summer of 1933,
but also – in smaller scale – for several years after “the year of great
change” (1929). And, if the Holodomor in Ukraine and asharshylyk
(“famine”) in Kazakhstan occurred in 1932-33, in the RSFSR (Russia)
the years of 1933-34 were the most tragic (see table).
reported that this method cannot measure the absolute number of victims of famine, but gives the opportunity to compare
the magnitude of the tragedy in different republics. There is no doubt that the
demographic losses of the RSFSR in the great famine are two and half times
higher than the demographic losses of the Ukrainian SSR.
in Ukraine and in the southern regions of Russia the scale of the tragedy in
April-June, 1933 was, incomparably greater than in other parts of the RSFSR.
However, if we consider the tragedy in a broader time range, Russia suffered
more casualties than Ukraine. Finally, death from exhaustion after three or
four months of intense starvation is not less tragic than the death from the
loss of immunity as a result of years of chronic malnutrition,” – said
figures do not allow us to consider the famine as a specifically Ukrainian
ethnic tragedy, and especially as an act of genocide, aimed at destroying
Ukrainians for the purpose of Russification. As you can see, Russians suffered
along with the Ukrainians, and the Russians lost even more people than Ukrainians.
called assigning the famine of 1933 specific ethnic coloring and using this tragedy
to incite ethnic hatred – “a crime against historical memory of our peoples.”
reason for the catastrophe he believes was the destruction of the agricultural
potential of the country as a result of the forced breakdown of its social
life. Similar reasons led to the outbreak of high mortality in the nineties of
the twentieth century.
fact that mortality times of “shock therapy” are not expressed in
such monstrous forms as in times of great famine, demographic losses of the
Russian Federation and Ukraine after the collapse of the Soviet system were higher than the losses of the thirties, says the researcher.