August 27th, 2015 –
By. Victor Veritov, PolitRussia –
Fort Russ translation by J. Arnoldski –
of the world order is a new challenge for Russia”
Politics is a
huge and complex world of relations between people and states. We watch the
news on television and we read articles which tell us about various problems,
conflicts, and state figures. Being in a giant whirlpool of information, it is
difficult to fit everything into some kind of overall picture. It’s even more
difficult to understand where and towards what the whole world, led by these or
those political forces, is going.
are frightening. The fact of the existence of weapons of mass destruction has
not been abolished, and this means that there is a chance that they will be used. Everyone
understands that a nuclear war will destroy everyone, and it keeps the world
from starting a new conflict. But the generation of those who remember the
horrors of the world wars is almost gone. And history, unfortunately, teaches
us that no one learns and nothing is learned. Everything is always repeated
again by the same scenarios and patterns.
foundations of the organization of modern politics and economics are
significantly changing at both the global and national levels. Before the
collapse of the USSR, the global order was considered through the prism of
confrontation between capitalist and socialist systems. The 90’s and the
beginning of the 2000’s were marked by the unquestionable leadership of the
Now it is
quite reasonable to speak about the formation of a multi-polar world, in which
each country will strive to play an independent role in international
relations. The United States can no longer act as the world police. And if in
Serbia, Iraq, or Afghanistan, the Americans were easily able to ignore world
opinion, then in recent history this did not happen with Syria.
revelations of Snowden completely tore off the US’s disguise as “the fighter
for the triumph of democracy”. And anyway, economic problems will slowly but
surely erode the strength of the overseas hegemon. So far, the main weapon of
influence remains the dollar. Many know that it doesn’t guarantee a necessary
quantity of products, but, nevertheless, it remains the world currency.
Europe is yet
another “stronghold” of freedom. For the Old World, the 21st century has put
forth not a few challenges. The politics of multiculturalism have completely
failed. Migrants for the most part refuse to accept European values and become
respectable Frenchmen, Englishmen, or Germans. They came to Europe for a better
life, but not to change of their national traditions. Moreover, passionate
Arabs and immigrants from Africa and the Middle East push around the indigenous
population and seek to impose their own rules.
The conflict in Syria has created new waves of immigrants who
yearn to take advantage of all the benefits of civilization. Before Europe is a
serious choice: to close itself up and thereby violate the fundamental
principles of democracy, according to which all are entitled to life, work and
the like, or continue to accept migrants, risking to dissolve in their stream.
And EU leaders are more inclined to the first option. They gravitate towards
the US, all the more looking like a tool for implementing its foreign policy.
The so-called “third world” is no longer willing to
put up with its outsider position. These countries demand that their opinions
be considered. China, Brazil, and India are becoming all the more confident
about themselves. And the unpredictable oil-rich Islamic world exudes a magical
threat of terrorism. Yes, and very small countries such as North Korea are able
to play an important role in world politics.
The world had evolved from an orderly map into
a complex mosaic. If all political masks are thrown off, we see the unfolding,
serious competition for resources and control over markets. Everyone wants to
participate in the cutting of the cake.
And in this fight, there is the great temptation to cross all moral
External conditions are also affecting the
change in the internal organization of political communities. There is a severe
crisis the nation-state and democracy as the foundation of political order. The
reasons are both economic (trans-nationalization, globalization) and cultural
(people’s desire for self-actualization).
The opening of national markets makes is
erasing political boundaries, so carefully protected by the nation-state. TNCs
(transnational corporations), freed from territorial frameworks, and oriented
towards profitability, have far more opportunities to influence political
requests. The state and corporate interests merge into a single entity. The
phrase of Bill Gates is fitting in this respect: “What’s profitable for
Microsoft is good for America.”
Formally, institutional mechanisms of the
distribution of power remain in the hands of the state. However, transnational
organizations actively compete with the state. Financial assets are
concentrated in the hands of TNCs (the income of the 500 richest people in the
world exceeds $ 3.7 trillion dollars), and this is fully allowed.
Replacing relatively stable alliances in the
framework of national borders and military-political alliances are flexible and
changing configurations of a system in which temporary elite alliances cross
state boundaries. In this situation, the ordinary citizen of the state is all the
more distant from political decision-making, and decisions are served to him in
finished form via the media. There is no way to influence the higher government authority. Democracy and political participation increasingly reveal
themselves to the citizen as fictions. On the other hand, in the conditions of
the cultural postmodern shift, the attitude of people to the state has changed.
People, giving priority to personal freedom and self-expression, are less
willing to adopt rigid social norms and the bureaucratic pressure state.
However, this tends only to contribute to strengthening the state.
No one in the modern world expressly denies
the values of democracy (even North Korea considers itself a democratic
country). The problem is that there is no unambiguous position by which
democracy can be gauged. Many prominent American political scientists recognize
that the concept, even on a theoretical level, is indefinable. But in practice,
it turns out that different countries give totally different modifications of
democracy appropriate to their own geopolitical interests.
Globalization, while accustoming most people
to standards of consumption, is unable to unify a country politically.
“The end of history” and the triumph of democracy around the world, about
which the American political scientist Francis Fukuyama wrote, has not taken
place. States, as the highest forms of organization of human societies, face
serious challenges that may make one seriously reconsider their functions and
Where is Russia’s place in this complex
mosaic? What does it needs to be? How should the state work? Is there place for
The questions remain open.