Translated by Ollie Richardson for Fort Russ
13th January, 2016
January 13th marks exactly 80 years since the end of the trial of members of the Organization of Ukrainian nationalists (OUN) who participated in the preparation and implementation of the murder of the Minister of Internal Affairs of Poland, Bronisław Pieracki. According to the verdict, Stepan Bandera, Mykola Lebed and Yaroslav Stetsko were given the death penalty. Other members of the OUN who were involved in the assassination received seven years imprisonment to life imprisonment.
Later, Bandera and his three accomplices were given life imprisonment instead of the death penalty, according to the decree on Amnesty. Bandera, Lebed and Stetsko were saved, thanks to the lobby of the Ukrainian legal political organizations, which at the time conducted negotiations with the poles about the "normalization" of Ukrainian-Polish relations. And in September 1939, when Poland was occupied by the Nazis, the murderers of Bronisław Pieracki were altogether released.
In connection with the anniversary of the imposition of the death penalty to Stepan Bandera, which was never enforced, "Ridus" presents to readers ten little-known facts from the life of the ultra-nationalist leader of Ukraine.
5. In 1940, Bandera was recruited by the Abwehr and later appeared in the files of the secret services of the Third Reich under the nickname Grey. In addition, Stepan Bandera was wearing the nickname "Baba", "Fox", "Stepanko, "Matvey Gordon", "Kirk".
6. Bandera fans believe that he landed in a German Sachsenhausen concentration camp for his political activities. However, there is a reasonable belief that the reason for the detention was the banal waste of sponsorship Reichsmarks.
7. When Bandera was sitting in a German prison camp, the Nazis, seeking to discredit the OUN and the UPA, had spread propaganda "flyers" to Western Ukraine, which named him "senior Bolshevik of Soviet Ukraine, Stalin appointed comrade".
8. Bandera actively cooperated with the Secret Services of Britain. According to some, he helped British intelligence in the search for and the training of spies for infiltration into the USSR.
9. In 1948, speaking at an emergency conference of the OUN, Stepan Bandera had declared his desire to go to Ukraine to personally take part in the underground work.
Incidentally, two years earlier the Soviet-Ukrainian poet Mykola Bazhan, being the official representative of the Ukrainian SSR at the session of the UN General Assembly in London, demanded that the Western countries extradite Stepan Bandera to the authorities of the USSR, calling him a "criminal against humanity".
10. The son and daughter of Stepan Bandera learned his real name only after his father's death. Before that, they went to school and thought they were Popeli, and not Bandera.